More Information About Heart Valve Disease

Image Source: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Signs of Heart Valve Disease

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Passing out without warning or with exertion
  • Weakness or dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Palpitations
  • Swelling in feet, ankles or abdomen


Types of Heart Valve Disease

  • Aortic regurgitation
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Congenital valve disease
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Mitral stenosis
  • Mitral valve prolapse
  • Pulmonic regurgitation
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid stenosis

Source: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Major Risk Factors for Acquiring Heart Valve Disease

  • Age
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes and insulin resistance
  • Overweight or obesity, lack of physical activity
  • A family history of congenital heart valve disease
  • Infection of the valve called infective endocarditis which is common with intravenous drug abuse

Source: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


Advanced Heart Valve Disease can cause the following:

  • Heart failure
  • Arrhythmias
  • Stroke
  • Blood clots
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath at rest or with exertion
  • Difficulty laying flat at night
  • Waking up in the middle of the night with air hunger
  • Night time cough
  • Leg swelling or swelling of your abdomen
  • Passing out with exertion or without warning
  • Persistent infection of the blood that will not resolve or sudden death due to sudden cardiac arrest



To schedule a consultation or for more information about the heart valve clinic, please call 574-647-3188. Most insurances are accepted.